How To Feed Chickens Without Buying Feed?

By Chicken Pets on
How To Feed Chickens Without Buying Feed?

Welcome to a new adventure in raising backyard chickens! In this blog post, we’ll explore creative ways to feed your flock without relying on store-bought feed. Get ready to learn practical tips and tricks that promote both the well-being of your beloved birds and the environment. Let’s dive in!

How To Feed Chickens Without Buying Feed?

To feed chickens without buying commercial feed, you can grow your own chicken feed, such as grains, vegetables, and herbs. Additionally, recycling kitchen scraps and providing free-ranging opportunities for your flock can help supplement their diet with diverse, nutritious options.

Growing Your Own Chicken Feed

One of the best ways to feed your chickens without buying commercial feed is to grow your own. This method not only saves money, but also ensures that your flock gets the crucial nutrients they need. Here are some plants you can grow for your chickens:

Grains and Seeds

  • Corn: A great source of carbohydrates for energy, planting corn in your garden can provide a hearty addition to your chicken’s diet.
  • Wheat: High in protein, wheat can effectively support the growth and development of your chickens.
  • Barley: This versatile grain is rich in fiber and can be fed to your chickens whole or sprouted to increase its nutritional value.
  • Quinoa: Packed with protein and essential amino acids, quinoa is an excellent choice for keeping your chickens healthy and happy.
  • Sunflower seeds: As a significant source of healthy fats and protein, sunflower seeds make an ideal snack for your flock.

Vegetables and Greens

  • Leafy greens: Spinach, kale, lettuce, and Swiss chard are nutrient-dense options that can be grown easily and will keep your chickens satisfied.
  • Peas and beans: Legumes like peas and beans provide essential proteins and can be harvested throughout the growing season to keep your chickens well-fed.
  • Pumpkins and squash: Rich in vitamins and minerals, these vegetables can be used as a natural dewormer for your chickens when fed raw.
  • Root vegetables: Carrots, beets, and turnips are excellent sources of nutrients and can be fed to chickens both cooked and raw.

Herbs and Flowers

  • Garlic and onions: These natural immune boosters can improve your flock’s overall health when added in small amounts to their diet.
  • Mint and basil: Besides adding fresh aroma to your chicken coop, these herbs also have insect-repelling properties.
  • Nasturtiums and marigolds: These flowers are not only beautiful, but also have natural insect-repellent qualities and double as nutrient-rich treats for your chickens.

Recycling Kitchen Scraps

Another way to feed your chickens without purchasing commercial feed is to recycle kitchen scraps. This method is both economical and eco-friendly. Here are some guidelines to follow when feeding your chickens kitchen scraps:

Safe Scraps for Chickens

  • Fruits: Apples, bananas, and berries can all be enjoyed by your chickens, but be sure to remove any seeds (like those in apples) before feeding.
  • Vegetables: Cooked and raw vegetables like carrots, sweet potatoes, and beans make tasty treats for your flock.
  • Grains: Whole grains, such as rice, oats, and pasta, can be served cooked, helping to keep your chickens full and happy.
  • Protein: Cooked lean meats, fish, and eggs (scrambled or hard-boiled) can provide essential proteins to support your flock’s growth and egg production.

Scraps to Avoid

  • Raw potatoes and peels: These can contain toxins that are harmful to chickens.
  • Onions and garlic: While small amounts can be beneficial, large quantities of these can cause anemia in chickens.
  • High-sugar and high-salt foods: Sweets, salty snacks, and processed foods should be avoided, as they can contribute to obesity and other health problems in your flock.
  • Avocado skins and pits: These can be toxic to chickens, so avoid feeding them these parts of the avocado.

Remember to check your local regulations and guidelines about feeding kitchen scraps to your chickens, as some areas may have specific rules in place.

Free-Ranging Your Chickens

Providing your flock with a free-ranging environment is another excellent way to feed them without relying on commercial feed. Chickens love to forage for insects, plants, seeds, and other goodies. Here are some benefits and tips for free-ranging:

Benefits of Free-Ranging

  • Healthier chickens: A free-ranging diet provides diverse nutrients, improving chickens’ overall health and well-being.
  • Better-tasting eggs: When chickens consume a natural, varied diet, their eggs typically taste better – a perk for backyard chicken owners!
  • Pest control: Chickens eat numerous pests, such as ticks, fleas, and grasshoppers, keeping your garden healthy.

Tips for Free-Ranging

  • Provide shelter: Make sure your chickens have a safe place to hide from predators when free-ranging.
  • Secure the perimeter: Installing solid fencing helps protect your flock from wandering off or encountering predators.
  • Introduce gradually: Allow your chickens to get accustomed to the free-range environment by starting with supervised outings and progressively extending their time outside.
  • Supervise your flock: Regularly monitor your chickens while they’re free-ranging to ensure their safety and well-being.

Partnering with Local Businesses

Collaborating with local businesses can prove to be a resourceful way to feed your chickens without buying commercial feed. Here are a few partnership ideas:

Local Bakeries

Bakeries often have leftover bread and other unsold baked goods that would otherwise be thrown away. Ask your local bakery if you can collect these items to feed your chickens. Remember to avoid sweets and heavily-processed baked goods, as they might be harmful to your flock.

Farmers Markets

Visit your local farmers market near closing time and inquire if there are any unsold or slightly damaged produce that they’d be willing to give or sell at a discounted price. This could provide a regular source of fruits and vegetables for your chickens.

Local Breweries and Distilleries

Breweries and distilleries often have spent grain from their production process. It can be an excellent source of protein and fiber for your chickens. Contact your local breweries and ask if they’d be willing to provide you their spent grains.

Additional Tips for Feeding Chickens Without Buying Feed

Here are some extra tips to help you feed your chickens without relying on store-bought feed:

  • Rotate their diet: Offer a variety of foods to your chickens to ensure a balanced, nutrient-rich diet.
  • Monitor their health and growth: Keep a close eye on your flock’s health and growth to make sure their nutritional needs are being met.
  • Don’t overfeed: Chickens have small stomachs, so it’s essential not to overfeed them. Offer small amounts of food throughout the day to prevent waste and keep them satisfied.
  • Research local regulations: Be sure to check the rules and guidelines in your area regarding feeding chickens alternative foods and scraps.

Feeding your chickens without buying commercial feed can be rewarding for both you and your flock. By exploring alternative feeding methods, you’re providing a diverse diet that supports their health and happiness. In return, you’ll enjoy the benefits of happier chickens, better-tasting eggs, and a more sustainable approach to backyard poultry farming.

Creating Your Own Chicken Feed Mix

Combining various ingredients from your garden, kitchen scraps, and local partnerships, you can create a nutritious feed mix for your chickens. Here’s how to make your own homemade chicken feed:

Determine the Nutritional Needs of Your Flock

First, you’ll need to understand the nutritional requirements of your chickens. Different breeds, age groups, and egg-laying stages have specific nutrient needs. Research your chickens’ dietary needs to provide a well-balanced diet that promotes their growth and health.

Select Nutrient-Rich Ingredients

Choose a variety of grains, seeds, vegetables, and protein sources to include in your feed mix. Here are some common ingredients used in homemade chicken feed:

  • Grains: Corn, wheat, barley, oats, and rice
  • Seeds: Sunflower seeds, flaxseeds, and sesame seeds
  • Vegetables: Leafy greens, peas, beans, pumpkins, and root vegetables
  • Protein sources: Cooked meat, fish, eggs, and mealworms

Ensure that the ingredients are fresh, clean, and free from mold, as spoiled food can harm your chickens.

Grind and Mix the Ingredients

Once you’ve gathered your ingredients, use a grinder, food processor, or mortar and pestle to crush the grains and seeds into smaller pieces. This step makes it easier for the chickens to digest their feed. Mix all ingredients until they’re evenly distributed. Store the homemade feed mix in a dry, cool place to prevent spoilage.

Monitor Your Flock’s Health

After introducing your homemade chicken feed, closely observe your flock’s health, growth, and egg production. If you notice any issues, adjust the ingredients accordingly to meet their nutritional needs. Consult with a veterinarian or poultry specialist if you need guidance.

Supplementing Your Chickens’ Diet

Providing additional supplements can improve the overall health and productivity of your flock. Consider adding these supplements as needed:

Calcium Supplements

Calcium is essential for strong eggshells and overall skeletal health. You can provide calcium supplements by offering crushed eggshells or oyster shells separately from their main feed. Chickens will regulate their calcium intake as needed.


Chickens require grit to help them grind and digest their food. Providing a separate container of small rocks, sand, or commercial grit will ensure your chickens have access to this necessary supplement.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is known for its beneficial properties, such as improving digestion and boosting the immune system. Adding a small amount (1 tablespoon per gallon of water) to your chickens’ drinking water can promote their overall health. Be sure to use a plastic waterer, as the acidity of the vinegar can corrode metal containers.


Probiotics can improve your chickens’ gut health and boost their immune system. Add a commercial probiotic powder or plain yogurt to your chickens’ feed on a weekly basis to support their digestive health.

By carefully selecting ingredients for your homemade chicken feed, providing supplements and free-ranging opportunities, and forming partnerships with local businesses, you can successfully raise a healthy, happy flock without relying on store-bought chicken feed. This sustainable approach will not only benefit your chickens and the environment, but also provide a greater sense of accomplishment and fulfillment as you care for your beloved backyard birds.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are answers to some frequently asked questions regarding alternative feeding methods for backyard chickens. These questions and answers aim to provide helpful information and address common concerns for chicken owners interested in feeding their birds without buying commercial feed.

1. Can chickens eat raw vegetables?

Yes, chickens can eat raw vegetables. However, some vegetables like potatoes and peels should be avoided, as they can contain harmful toxins. Overall, offer a wide variety of raw vegetables to ensure a balanced, nutrient-rich diet for your chickens.

2. Are kitchen scraps enough to sustain my chickens?

Kitchen scraps can be a valuable supplement, but should not solely replace a balanced diet. Combine kitchen scraps with homegrown feed or homemade chicken feed mixtures to ensure proper nutrition for your flock.

3. How much free-ranging time should I provide for my chickens?

Allowing your chickens to free-range for at least a few hours each day can benefit their well-being and provide a more diverse diet. Gradually increase their free-ranging time and monitor their health and behavior closely.

4. How can I ensure my chickens are getting enough nutrients without commercial feed?

Regularly monitor your chickens’ health, growth, and egg production. Provide a diverse diet including grains, seeds, vegetables, and protein sources. Be prepared to adjust their diet and seek guidance from a veterinarian or poultry specialist as needed.

5. Can I feed my chickens bread and other bakery goods?

You can feed your chickens bread and other bakery goods in moderation. Avoid feeding them sweets and heavily processed baked goods, as these items can lead to obesity and other health issues.

6. Should I grind all grains and seeds for my homemade chicken feed mix?

It’s a good idea to grind or crush grains and seeds to make them easier for chickens to digest. However, it’s not necessary to grind all ingredients, and some chickens may prefer larger pieces to peck at.

7. How can I prevent spoilage in my homemade chicken feed mix?

Store your homemade chicken feed mix in a cool, dry location, using airtight containers. Additionally, ensure all ingredients are fresh and free of mold before blending the mix.

8. Can I feed my chickens cooked meat and other protein sources?

Yes, you can offer cooked lean meats, fish, and eggs as a supplementary protein source. However, avoid feeding your chickens raw or spoiled meat, as this can be harmful to their health.

9. Can chickens eat table scraps?

Chickens can eat some table scraps, but it’s essential to ensure the scraps are safe and nutritious. Avoid feeding them high-sugar and high-salt foods, avocado skins and pits, raw potatoes and peels, and large amounts of onions and garlic.

10. Do I need to provide grit for my chickens?

Yes, chickens require grit to help them grind and digest their food. Provide a separate container of small rocks, sand, or commercial grit for your chickens to access when needed.

11. How can I make my own calcium supplement for my chickens?

Collect and clean eggshells, then crush them into small pieces to use as a calcium supplement. Alternatively, you can purchase crushed oyster shells for a more consistent source of calcium.

12. Can chickens eat too much apple cider vinegar?

Yes, too much apple cider vinegar can be harmful to your chickens. Only add a small amount (1 tablespoon per gallon of water) to their drinking water to protect their health while reaping the benefits of the vinegar.

13. How often should I offer probiotics to my chickens?

Provide a commercial probiotic powder or plain yogurt to your chickens’ feed on a weekly basis. This schedule helps support their digestive health without overloading their systems.

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