When Do Chickens Start Laying Eggs?

By Chicken Pets on
When Do Chickens Start Laying Eggs?

Ever wondered when your backyard chickens will start laying eggs? In this blog post, we’ll reveal the typical age for various breeds and share tips on how to encourage egg production. Let’s get cracking!

When Do Chickens Start Laying Eggs?

Chickens typically start laying eggs around 5 to 6 months of age, but this can vary depending on the breed. Factors like nutrition, daylight, and overall health also influence when a chicken begins producing eggs.

Understanding Chicken Breeds and Egg Laying

Before we dive into when your backyard chickens will start laying eggs, it’s essential to understand that different breeds have different egg-laying tendencies. Some chicken breeds tend to start laying earlier than others, while some breeds are known for their impressive egg production. Let’s explore some common breeds and their egg-laying capacities:

Rhode Island Red

This breed is renowned for its excellent egg-laying abilities and typically starts laying eggs around 4 to 5 months of age. They are known for their hardiness and ability to lay eggs consistently throughout the year.


Leghorns are another popular egg-laying breed and begin laying eggs at around 4 to 5 months old. These birds are famous for their white eggs and energetic nature.

Plymouth Rock

Plymouth Rocks are friendly birds that generally start laying eggs around 5 months of age. They lay brown eggs and are known for being versatile and good-natured birds.


Orpingtons are large, friendly birds that often start laying at around 6 months old. These chickens produce brown eggs and are known for their sweet temperament and broodiness.

Factors Influencing Egg Production

There are various factors that influence when your backyard chickens start laying eggs. Some of these factors include nutrition, daylight, and overall health. To encourage your chickens to lay eggs, it’s essential to pay close attention to these factors:


A balanced diet plays a crucial role in helping chickens lay eggs, and the absence of proper nutrition may delay egg production. Ensure that your hens have access to high-quality layer feed. Layer feed contains essential nutrients like calcium that help chickens start laying eggs and maintain good egg production.


Chickens need about 14 to 16 hours of daylight to stimulate egg production. As the days get shorter during the winter months, it’s common for your chickens to lay fewer eggs or even stop laying. To maximize egg production, consider adding supplemental light to your chicken coop to extend daylight hours.


A healthy chicken is more likely to start laying eggs at the expected age. Ensure that your birds are free from diseases, pests, and stress. Regular check-ups, vaccinations, and proper hygiene practices can help maintain overall chicken health and increase the chances of timely egg production.

Molting and Its Impact on Egg Production

Molting is a natural process in chickens where they lose and regrow their feathers. This process often occurs once a year, typically in the fall, and can last several weeks to a few months. During this period, chickens might temporarily stop laying eggs as their bodies focus on growing new feathers. Once molting is complete, egg production should resume.

Managing Your Chickens’ Environment

A comfortable and stress-free environment is vital for your backyard chickens as they begin laying eggs. Here are some factors to consider:

Proper Coop and Nesting Space

Chickens need adequate space in the coop and nesting boxes to lay their eggs consistently. Ensure that each chicken has approximately 1.5 to 2 square feet of space in the coop and offer one nesting box per 3 to 4 hens. Provide clean, dry nesting material, such as straw or wood shavings, for your hens to lay their eggs comfortably.

Stress Minimization

Stressed chickens tend to lay fewer eggs or not lay at all. Keep your chickens calm by keeping noise levels and disturbances to a minimum. Avoid sudden changes in their routine and make sure they have access to clean water and food.

Predator Protection

Predators can cause considerable stress to your chickens, leading to a drop in egg production. Fortify your chicken coop with sturdy fencing and secure the coop at night to protect your flock from potential predators.

When to Introduce a Calcium Supplement

Calcium is essential for your laying hens as it helps maintain strong eggshells. Layer feed typically contains enough calcium for your chickens; however, you can offer a calcium supplement, like oyster shells, in a separate container once they start laying eggs. This will ensure that the hens have enough calcium to avoid issues like thin-shelled or soft-shelled eggs.

Dealing with Late Layers

Are you worried that your chickens have not yet started laying eggs despite being at the expected age? Here is what you can do:

Reassess Nutrition and Access to Daylight

Review your chickens’ diet to ensure that they have access to a nutritious layer feed, and check if they have enough daylight hours. Make any necessary adjustments accordingly.

Be Patient

Some chicken breeds take a little longer to start laying eggs, especially if they are heritage breeds. Try to be patient and give your birds some more time.

Consult a Veterinarian

If your hens still haven’t started laying eggs after making adjustments, consider consulting a veterinarian to rule out possible health issues. They can help determine if there’s an underlying condition affecting your hens.

Frequently Asked Questions

In this section, we’ll address some of the most common questions people have about chickens and egg-laying to provide you with valuable knowledge and guidance. Learn more about different aspects of chicken care and egg production by exploring these FAQs:

1. How many eggs can I expect from a chicken per day?

Most chickens lay one egg per day, but this can vary depending on factors like age, breed, nutrition, and daylight hours. Some chickens may lay one egg every other day or even every third day in certain situations.

2. How long will a hen lay eggs?

Chickens begin laying at about 5 to 6 months of age, and most hens will lay eggs consistently for the first 2 to 4 years. After that, egg production may decline, but hens can continue to lay eggs for many years, albeit less frequently.

3. Can hens lay eggs without a rooster?

Yes, hens can lay eggs without a rooster. However, the eggs will be infertile and won’t develop into chicks if you decide to incubate them.

4. How often should I collect eggs?

Collecting eggs at least once a day is recommended to ensure they remain clean and to minimize the risk of egg breakage. If possible, collect eggs twice a day, especially during hot temperatures, to prevent spoilage.

5. What is a broody hen, and how does it affect egg production?

A broody hen is a chicken that wants to sit on her eggs to hatch them. When hens go broody, they usually stop laying new eggs and instead focus on incubating the eggs they have. This can result in a temporary halt in egg production.

6. How long do chickens lay fertilized eggs after being with a rooster?

A hen can lay fertilized eggs for up to 3 weeks after mating with a rooster, as sperm can be stored in her reproductive tract during that time.

7. Can I eat fertilized chicken eggs?

Yes, you can eat fertilized chicken eggs as long as they have not been incubated. They are safe to consume and taste the same as infertile eggs.

8. Do chickens lay eggs year-round?

Some chicken breeds lay eggs consistently year-round, while others may decrease or stop laying during periods of short daylight hours, lower temperatures, or molting. Supplementing lighting in the coop can help maintain egg production during these times.

9. How can I tell if my hen is about to start laying eggs?

Some signs a hen is about to start laying eggs include observing her spending more time in nesting boxes, squatting when approached, and signs of the vent enlarging or becoming moist.

10. What should I do if my hen is laying soft-shelled or shell-less eggs?

Ensure that your hens are receiving adequate calcium through a high-quality layer feed or a calcium supplement like oyster shells. If the issue persists, consult a veterinarian to rule out underlying health problems.

11. Can I influence the color of my chickens’ eggs?

Egg color is determined by the breed of your chickens and cannot be altered. However, the shade may vary slightly depending on factors like diet and the age of the hen.

12. How can I encourage my chickens to lay more eggs?

Provide a balanced diet, ensure access to freshwater, and maintain a clean and comfortable environment. Providing supplemental light during short daylight hours can also help promote egg production.

13. Are there any reasons a chicken might stop laying eggs suddenly?

There are multiple reasons a chicken might stop laying eggs suddenly. These can include stress, molting, inadequate nutrition, insufficient daylight, disease, or extreme temperature fluctuations. Determining the cause and addressing it will help the hen resume egg production.

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