Do Chickens Lay Eggs in the Winter?

By Chicken Pets on
Do Chickens Lay Eggs in the Winter?

Have you ever wondered if your backyard chickens will lay eggs during the chilly winter months? In this post, we’ll discuss how cold weather and shorter days can affect egg production and share some helpful tips to keep those eggs coming throughout winter.

Do Chickens Lay Eggs in the Winter?

Yes, chickens can lay eggs in winter. However, their egg production might decline due to shorter daylight hours and colder temperatures. By providing extra light and warmth, you can support your flock’s egg-laying efforts during winter.

Understanding the Effects of Winter on Egg Production

During winter, a combination of factors can impact the egg production of your backyard chickens. By understanding these factors, you can take effective steps to help your chickens maintain steady egg production throughout the colder months.

Shorter Daylight Hours

As daylight hours shorten during the winter months, the decrease in sunlight can have a major influence on your chickens’ laying habits. Chickens require a certain amount of daylight to stimulate their reproductive system and produce eggs consistently. Generally, 14 hours of light exposure per day is ideal for maintaining egg production.

Cold Temperatures

Chickens are resilient creatures that can tolerate cold temperatures quite well. However, when the weather turns very cold, their bodies redirect energy from egg production to keeping themselves warm. As a result, you may observe a drop in egg production.


Molting typically occurs in the fall, when chickens lose their old feathers and grow new ones. This process takes a lot of energy, and during this time, chickens often stop laying eggs. Molting can last a few weeks, depending on the individual chicken.


Stress can also affect a chicken’s egg-laying capabilities. Cold and wet weather or sudden changes in their environment can lead to stress, ultimately impacting egg production.

Encouraging Egg Production in Winter

Fortunately, you can implement various strategies to encourage your chickens to continue laying eggs in winter. Providing extra warmth and light, along with additional care and attention, can help your flock maintain steady egg production during those cold, dark months.

Provide Supplemental Lighting

Since daylight is limited during winter, you can use artificial lighting to create a more natural day-night cycle for your chickens. Install a bulb with a timer in the coop, gradually increasing the amount of light exposure until they receive about 14 hours of light daily. This will help simulate the longer daylight hours of warmer seasons and encourage egg production.

Keep the Coop Warm

While chickens can handle cold temperatures, providing some heat can help maintain consistent egg production. Invest in a safe, radiant heater designed for poultry coops. Keep the temperature between 45-55°F (7-12°C) to ensure your chickens are comfortable and able to concentrate their energy on laying eggs.

  • Insulate the Coop: Insulation will help keep your chicken coop warm by reducing heat loss. Be sure to use breathable insulation materials like straw, wood, or foam to avoid condensation problems.
  • Ventilate the Coop: Proper ventilation is crucial during winter to reduce humidity and prevent frostbite. Ensuring a constant airflow will help remove excess moisture while maintaining the warmth inside the coop.

Provide Good Nutrition

Since your chickens’ energy needs are higher during colder months, it is essential to provide them with adequate nutrition, which can help maintain egg production.

  • High-Quality Feed: Make sure your chickens receive a well-balanced, high-quality layer feed that meets their protein, vitamin, and mineral requirements.
  • Extra Protein: During winter, supplement your chickens’ diet with additional protein sources, such as mealworms, sunflower seeds, or hard-boiled eggs.
  • Scratch Grains: Offering scratch grains, such as cracked corn or oats, can help generate natural body heat for your chickens. However, use scratch grains sparingly, as too much can lead to obesity.

Minimize Stress

Reducing stress on your chickens can go a long way in promoting consistent egg production during winter. Here are some ways to keep your backyard flock stress-free:

  • Regular Routine: Chickens are creatures of habit, so maintain a consistent routine for feeding, cleaning, and opening the coop daily to minimize stress.
  • Weather Protection: Ensure the outdoor run is protected from harsh weather conditions by covering it with a tarp or plastic sheeting.
  • Extra Space: Chickens spend more time indoors during winter, so ensure there is enough space for them to move around comfortably within the coop.

Spotting Common Winter Ailments

Winter can bring its fair share of health issues for your backyard chickens. By identifying potential problems early, you can help ensure your flock remains healthy and egg production continues.


Frostbite is a common winter ailment that affects chickens, especially their combs, wattles, and feet. If you notice any discoloration, swelling, or blistering on these areas, this might indicate frostbite. To prevent frostbite, ensure proper ventilation and warmth in the coop and apply Vaseline to their combs and wattles to create a protective barrier.

Respiratory Issues

Humidity and cold temperatures can lead to respiratory issues in chickens. If they are sneezing, wheezing, or showing signs of labored breathing, seek veterinary assistance. Prevent respiratory problems by maintaining proper coop ventilation and avoiding the use of dusty bedding material.


Although less common in winter, external parasites like lice and mites can still infest your chicken coop. Parasites can hinder egg production, so inspect your chickens regularly for any signs of infestation. Use poultry-safe insecticides if needed.

Enjoying Fresh Eggs All Winter Long

While it’s natural for egg production to decline in winter, implementing these tips and best practices can help ensure you and your family enjoy fresh, home-laid eggs throughout the colder months. Caring for your backyard chickens during winter may require some extra effort, but the reward of delicious eggs and a happy, healthy flock is well worth it.

Recognizing Winter Egg-Laying Breeds

While all chickens can continue laying eggs in winter, some breeds are better suited for colder climates and maintain consistent egg production despite shorter days and cold temperatures. Considering these breeds for your backyard flock can make a difference in winter egg production.

Winter Hardy Breeds

Some chicken breeds are known for their hardiness and ability to lay eggs consistently, even during cold winter months. Some common winter-hardy breeds include:

The Importance of Nesting Boxes

Having suitable nesting boxes is essential for encouraging chickens to lay eggs during winter. Providing comfortable and safe spaces for your chickens to lay will make them feel secure and more inclined to lay eggs.

Nesting Box Essentials

When setting up nesting boxes for your chickens, consider the following tips:

  • Size: Make sure nesting boxes are spacious enough for your chicken to comfortably sit in. A general guideline is 12″ x 12″ x 12″.
  • Number: Ideally, provide one nesting box for every four hens in your flock.
  • Location: Position your nesting boxes in a quiet and dark area of the coop to provide privacy.
  • Height: Nesting boxes should be placed off the ground to prevent drafts, but lower than the roosting bars to discourage hens from sleeping in them.
  • Bedding: Fill the nesting boxes with soft bedding material like straw or wood shavings to make them more inviting and keep the eggs clean.

Using Fake Eggs

Utilizing fake eggs can actually encourage your hens to lay eggs during winter. Placing fake eggs in the nesting boxes can help signal to your hens that the nesting boxes are safe and the right place to lay their eggs.

Benefits of Fake Eggs

Using fake eggs in nesting boxes offers several benefits:

  • Encourage Egg-Laying: Placing fake eggs in the nesting boxes can help reassure your hens that it’s safe to lay eggs there.
  • Prevent Egg-Eating: Fake eggs can discourage your chickens from developing the habit of eating their own eggs, as they will be unable to peck or crack the fake ones.
  • Train New Layers: Fake eggs can help young hens understand where they should lay eggs when they reach maturity.

By incorporating these additional tips and information, you’ll be well-prepared to optimize your chickens’ winter egg production and continue enjoying fresh, home-laid eggs throughout the cold season.

Frequently Asked Questions About Chickens Laying Eggs in Winter

In this section, we’ll answer some of the most common questions about raising backyard chickens and egg-laying during the winter months. We hope that these answers will provide you with helpful information and guidance as you care for your chickens in winter.

1. How many eggs can I expect my chickens to lay during winter?

The number of eggs your chickens lay during winter can depend on factors such as breed, age, environment, and nutrition. Some winter-hardy breeds may only experience a slight drop in egg production, while others might stop laying entirely during the colder months.

2. Can I use heat lamps in my chicken coop to keep it warm?

You can use heat lamps in your chicken coop, but they can be a fire hazard if not used carefully. It’s safer to use radiant heaters specifically designed for poultry coops, as these provide gentle warmth without the risks associated with heat lamps.

3. How can I tell if my chickens are too cold?

If your chickens are too cold, they may display signs such as huddling together, shivering, lethargy, unresponsiveness to stimuli, or frostbite on their combs and wattles. Make sure to frequently check on your chickens during winter and provide adequate warmth in the coop.

4. What type of lighting should I use to help maintain winter egg production?

Using artificial lighting, such as LED or energy-efficient incandescent bulbs, can help maintain egg production during winter. A timer set to provide 14 hours of light per day will simulate a longer daylight cycle, promoting egg production.

5. How long does molting last for backyard chickens?

Molting duration can vary among individual chickens and typically lasts between 2 to 6 weeks. During molting, chickens lose their old feathers and grow new ones, which requires a significant amount of energy and can result in reduced or halted egg production.

6. Can I do anything to speed up molting?

You can’t speed up molting, but you can support your chickens through the process by providing them with a well-balanced diet, extra protein, and a stress-free environment. This will help ensure they have the energy needed to grow new feathers and resume egg production.

7. Is it normal for eggshells to become thinner in winter?

Eggshells can become thinner in winter due to factors such as reduced calcium intake, egg production stress, and sudden changes in temperature. Providing oyster shell supplements and high-quality feed can help maintain shell quality and support overall egg production during winter.

8. Do I need to provide additional water for my chickens in the winter?

It’s essential for your chickens to have continuous access to fresh, clean water during winter. Be sure to prevent their water supply from freezing by using heated waterers or insulated water containers.

9. How can I prevent my chickens’ water from freezing during winter?

To prevent your chickens’ water from freezing, consider using heated waterers or water containers with built-in heaters. Alternatively, you can use insulating materials like foam or straw to wrap around the water containers or change the water frequently to keep it from freezing.

10. What breeds of chickens are best suited for egg-laying in colder climates?

Some breeds are better suited for cold climates and maintaining egg production during winter, such as Australorp, Barred Rock, Brahma, Buff Orpington, Dominique, Easter Egger, New Hampshire Red, Plymouth Rock, Sussex, and Wyandotte.

11. Can my backyard chickens get snow blindness from harsh winter conditions?

Snow blindness in chickens is rare but can occur if they are exposed to bright sunlight reflecting off the snow. To prevent snow blindness, provide shade for your chickens in the outdoor run and consider using covered areas for them to hide if needed.

12. Do I need to clean my chicken coop more frequently during winter?

During winter, your chickens will likely spend more time indoors, which can lead to a dirtier coop. Make sure to clean the coop regularly, replace soiled bedding, and remove droppings daily to maintain a hygienic environment and prevent illnesses.

13. Do my backyard chickens need a bigger coop during winter?

Chickens don’t necessarily need a bigger coop during winter, but they do need enough space to move around comfortably. Ensure that your coop is spacious enough to accommodate your chickens during the long winter days spent indoors and provide roosting bars for them to rest.

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