Sultan Chicken Guide

By Chicken Pets on
Sultan Chicken Guide

Welcome to our Sultan Chicken Guide! In this blog post, you’ll discover the unique characteristics of this rare, ornamental breed and why it’s perfect for backyard chicken enthusiasts.

Sultan Chicken Guide

The Sultan Chicken is a rare and ornamental breed known for its striking appearance, friendly nature, and unique history. They possess a calm and docile temperament, making them perfect for raising in backyard settings while providing onlookers with an impressive sight.

A Brief History of the Sultan Chicken

The Sultan Chicken has a long history, originating from Turkey where they were once prized by royalty. Their elegant, attractive features made them highly sought after as ornamental birds in the Ottoman Empire. First imported to England in 1854 and then later to the United States in 1867, Sultans have gained a dedicated following among backyard chicken keepers and poultry enthusiasts.

Appearance and Characteristics

Fascinating Features

Sultan Chickens are easily distinguished by their unique appearance. They have a crest of feathers on their head, giving them an impressive “crown-like” look. Additionally, they have feathered legs, muffs around their face, and a well-developed beard. These captivating traits make them stand out in any flock.

Color Varieties

Primarily, Sultans come in a beautiful white feather color which poses a striking contrast to their blue skin. There are also other color varieties like Black and Blue, although these are less common. Regardless of the color, their feathers are always soft and silky to the touch.

Size and Weight

Sultan chickens are a small to medium-sized breed. Males usually weigh between 6-8 pounds, while females typically weigh around 4-6 pounds. This moderate size makes them suitable for most backyards.

Behavior and Temperament

Sultan Chickens are known for their friendly and gentle personalities. They are docile and easy to handle, making them the perfect backyard companions. Because they are so people-oriented, they can even become quite affectionate with their human caretakers if given enough attention and care.

Egg Production and Broodiness

One downside of the Sultan breed is that they are not prolific layers. On average, a healthy hen will lay about 50-100 small to medium-sized white eggs per year. If egg production is your primary goal, this might not be the breed for you. However, their unique appearance and delightful temperament make up for their lower egg-laying ability. Additionally, they rarely go broody, which means they are less likely to sit on their eggs for extended periods.

Housing and Care

Coop Requirements

Sultans prefer clean and dry conditions. As a result, an adequately sized and well-ventilated coop is essential for their well-being. They also need plenty of roosting space since their opulent feathering makes it difficult for them to stay clean and dry when lying on the ground. Coop size should be around 2-3 square feet per bird, with at least 8-10 inches of roosting space per chicken.

Outdoor Access

Given the Sultan’s extravagant feathers, they are not the most skilled fliers. Nevertheless, they still enjoy exploring their surroundings and interacting with their flockmates. Providing a secure run or enclosed area will satisfy their need to venture outside while keeping them safe from predators.

Feather Care

To maintain the Sultan’s extravagant plumage, regular care is crucial. Keep an eye out for dirty or matted feathers and address issues promptly. A clean coop and ample grooming opportunities, such as access to a dust bath, will also help maintain their gorgeous feathers.

Health Issues and Lifespan

General Health

Sultan Chickens are generally healthy birds tolerant of moderate temperatures. However, their feathered legs and feet can be susceptible to parasites and dirt accumulation. To prevent problems, check their legs and feet regularly and address issues immediately to maintain their overall health.

Life Expectancy

With proper care, a Sultan Chicken can live anywhere from 5 to 7 years. However, some factors might influence their lifespan, such as genetics, nutrition, and overall living conditions. Ensuring they receive proper care throughout their lives is essential for a happy and healthy bird.

Sultan Chickens and Your Flock

Social Dynamics

Given their docile nature, Sultan Chickens generally integrate well with other breeds. They are friendly and sociable, rarely causing conflicts in a mixed flock. However, remember to monitor the flock dynamics closely, as Sultans can sometimes be targeted by more aggressive breeds due to their low assertiveness in social situations.

For Beginners

If you’re new to backyard chicken-keeping, Sultan Chickens are a fantastic breed to consider. Their friendly nature, striking appearance, and easy-to-handle personalities make them the ideal chicken for beginners. Though they may not be the best layers, they more than make up for it with their loving companionship.

Buying Sultan Chickens

Finding a Breeder

Purchasing chicks or hatching eggs from a reputable breeder is crucial for obtaining healthy birds. A few resources for locating breeders include:

  • Local poultry clubs or organizations
  • Online chicken-enthusiast forums
  • Chicken keeping social media groups
  • Reviews from backyard chicken websites

Before making a purchase, ensure the breeder has a good reputation and is knowledgeable about the Sultan breed. Don’t hesitate to ask questions about the birds’ history, health, and temperament.

Preparing for Your New Chickens

Before bringing home your Sultan Chickens, ensure you have the necessary supplies and space to accommodate them properly. This includes a proper coop, feeders, waterers, bedding, and high-quality feed. Also, don’t forget to prepare a secure run or outdoor area for their free-roaming ventures!


Sultan Chickens offer a delightful combination of unique features, gentle temperament, and a fascinating history that makes them an excellent contender for backyard flocks. While they may not be famous for their egg-laying ability, their beauty and personality make them a favorite among poultry enthusiasts. With proper care, consideration, and attention to their needs, Sultan Chickens will undoubtedly become the crown jewel of your backyard flock.

Feeding Your Sultan Chickens

Providing your Sultan Chickens with an appropriate diet is essential for maintaining their health and well-being. Here are some recommendations on how to feed your Sultans:

Starter Feed

For the first 6 to 8 weeks, young Sultan chicks need a starter feed with around 18-20% protein content. This nutritional foundation will support their rapid growth during this stage of life.

Grower Feed

From 9 to 18 weeks, switch your chicks to a grower feed with around 14-16% protein content. This will help match their changing nutritional requirements as they continue to mature.

Layer Feed

Once your Sultan hens begin laying eggs, transition them to a layer feed containing about 16% protein and added calcium. This will support their egg production as well as their overall health.

Treats and Supplements

While commercial poultry feed fulfills most of your chickens’ nutritional needs, a few treats and supplements can improve their health and happiness. Offering occasional treats such as vegetables, fruit, and seeds can provide variety and encourage natural foraging behavior. Adding grit and oyster shells to their diet aids in digestive health and strengthens eggshells.

Maintaining Your Flock’s Environment

Keeping your backyard flock and their environment clean and well-maintained is essential to the health and happiness of your Sultan Chickens. Here are some tips on keeping things in order:

Regular Coop Cleaning

Remove dirty bedding and droppings from the coop regularly to prevent the buildup of ammonia and bacteria. Replace the soiled material with fresh, clean bedding to ensure a dry and comfortable environment for your chickens.

Pest Control

Pest control is vital for protecting your Sultan Chickens from lice, mites, and other harmful parasites. Check your birds regularly for signs of infestation, and take preemptive measures such as providing a dust bath and applying natural remedies or poultry-safe insecticides when necessary.

Monitoring Flock Health

Watch for signs of illness or injury in your flock. Early detection can be crucial for preventing the spread of disease and ensuring the timely treatment of affected birds. Consult with a local veterinarian if you have concerns about the health of your chickens.

Protecting Your Flock from Predators

Keeping your backyard flock safe from potential predators is an important aspect of chicken-keeping. Be proactive in safeguarding your Sultan Chickens with these precautions:

Secure Coop and Run

Ensure that your coop and run are secure from predators, including rodents, raccoons, and birds of prey. Keep the coop closed at night and consider installing locks on all doors and gates. Bury hardware cloth at least 12 inches deep around the perimeter of your run to deter digging predators.

Overhead Protection

Providing overhead protection is crucial for avoiding aerial attackers. Install a cover for your run using poultry netting or a similar material to deter birds of prey and other climbing predators.

Visual Deterrents

Hang shiny objects, such as old CDs or reflective tape, around the coop and run area. These visual deterrents can help to confuse and discourage predators from entering your chickens’ space.

Livestock Guardians

Consider adding a livestock guardian animal, such as a dog or a llama, to keep watch over your flock. These animals will help deter predators and alert you to potential threats.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are some common questions and answers related to Sultan Chickens, their care, and their habits, which are designed to provide you with a better understanding of this unique breed.

What is the average lifespan of Sultan Chickens?

Sultan Chickens can live anywhere from 5 to 7 years with proper care, which includes providing them with adequate nutrition, clean environment, and monitoring their health regularly.

How many eggs do Sultan Chickens lay?

Sultan Chickens are not prolific layers, laying on average around 50-100 small to medium-sized white eggs per year. Their egg production is one of the trade-offs for their ornamental beauty and friendly temperament.

Are Sultan Chickens good for beginners?

Yes, Sultan Chickens are suitable for beginners due to their friendly nature, captivating appearance, and easy-to-handle personalities. Although not the best layers, they make great backyard pets and companions.

What should I feed my Sultan Chickens?

Feed your Sultan Chickens an age-appropriate commercial poultry feed, such as starter feed for chicks, grower feed for juveniles, and layer feed for egg-laying hens. You can also offer occasional treats like vegetables, fruits, and seeds for variety and enrichment.

How much space do I need for my Sultan Chickens?

For Sultan Chickens, a coop size of around 2-3 square feet per bird is recommended, along with at least 8-10 inches of roosting space per chicken. Additionally, provide a secure run or outdoor area for them to explore safely.

Do Sultan Chickens need heaters in the winter?

Sultan Chickens can tolerate moderate temperatures, but extra precautions should be taken in cold climates. A well-insulated coop and proper ventilation are essential, and a low-wattage heater can be used if temperatures fall below freezing to ensure their comfort and safety.

How do I maintain the feathers of Sultan Chickens?

To maintain the beautiful plumage of Sultan Chickens, ensure their coop stays clean and dry. Provide them regular grooming opportunities such as dust baths, and monitor their feathers for dirt or matting, addressing issues as they arise.

How do I protect my Sultan Chickens from predators?

To protect your Sultan Chickens from predators, provide a secure and well-built coop with locks on all doors and gates. Bury hardware cloth around the run’s perimeter and install overhead protection to deter digging and aerial predators. Consider using visual deterrents like shiny objects or adding livestock guardian animals for additional security.

Are Sultan Chickens noisy?

Compared to other breeds, Sultan Chickens are relatively quiet. The hens may cluck softly, and the roosters’ crowing is less intense than that of larger breeds. This makes them suitable for backyard chicken keepers who are concerned about excessive noise.

Can Sultan Chickens be kept with other breeds?

Yes, Sultan Chickens can be kept with other breeds as they are sociable and friendly. However, monitor the flock dynamics closely, and be cautious when mixing them with more assertive breeds, as they might be targeted due to their docile nature.

How can I find a reputable breeder for Sultan Chickens?

Find Sultan Chicken breeders through local poultry clubs, online chicken forums, social media groups, and backyard chicken websites. Ensure the breeder has a good reputation and comprehensive knowledge about the breed before purchasing.

How do I ensure my Sultan Chickens stay healthy?

Keep your Sultan Chickens healthy by providing a clean environment, a balanced diet, and regular health checks. Be proactive with pest control and provide them with adequate space to live comfortably. Consult with a veterinarian if you have concerns about their health.

Do Sultan Chickens make good pets?

Yes, Sultan Chickens make excellent pets due to their friendly and gentle temperament, unique appearance, and ease of handling. They can become quite affectionate with their human caretakers if given plenty of attention and care.

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