Onagadori Chicken Breed

By Chicken Pets on
Onagadori Chicken Breed

Welcome to our exploration of the Onagadori chicken breed, a fascinating and culturally significant bird from Japan! If you’re eager to learn about raising backyard chickens, you’ll enjoy discovering the traits and history of this distinctive breed.

Onagadori Chicken Breed

The Onagadori chicken is a unique and culturally significant breed from Japan, known for its long, elegant tail feathers that can grow up to 20 feet. These ornamental birds are friendly, easy to manage, and make a beautiful addition to any backyard flock.

History and Origin of the Onagadori Chicken

The Onagadori chicken breed originated in Japan and has been admired for its beauty for centuries. These stunning birds were first bred in the Kochi prefecture during the Edo period (1603–1868). Due to their impressive appearance, they have been designated as a Japanese national treasure.

Physical Characteristics of Onagadori Chickens

Remarkably Long Tails

The most notable feature of the Onagadori chicken is its incredibly long tail, which can grow up to 20 feet in length. This is a result of a genetic mutation that allows their tail feathers to grow continuously, rather than being shed each year like other chicken breeds. These long, flowing tails contribute to the elegance and grace of the Onagadori.

Color Varieties

Onagadori chickens are available in several color varieties, including white, black, and silver. Each color variation has its own unique beauty, making it easy for backyard chicken enthusiasts to find the perfect Onagadori to suit their preferences.

Size and Weight

Onagadori chickens are medium-sized birds, with males typically weighing around 4.5 to 5.5 pounds and females weighing between 3.5 to 4.5 pounds. Their body size is similar to other breeds, but their long tails make them appear larger and more impressive.

Onagadori Chicken Temperament and Personality

Despite their regal appearance, Onagadori chickens are known to be friendly and docile creatures. They get along well with humans and other chickens, making them a wonderful addition to any backyard flock. They can sometimes be shy or wary, so providing a calm and secure environment is important to keep these sensitive birds feeling comfortable.

Special Care for Onagadori Chickens

While Onagadori chickens can be raised similarly to other chicken breeds, there are a few special considerations to keep in mind due to their unique tail feathers.

Housing and Protection

Onagadori chickens require spacious and clean living quarters to accommodate their long tails. A larger, airy coop is recommended, with perches placed high off the ground to keep their tails from becoming dirty or damaged. Due to their special tail feathers, Onagadori chickens may also require additional protection from predators, as their long tails can make it difficult for them to escape quickly.

Tail Maintenance

To maintain their tail feathers in pristine condition, Onagadori chickens may need regular grooming and maintenance. This can include gently removing any dirt or debris from their tails, as well as checking for injuries or mites. Some Onagadori owners even choose to provide a “tail sock” or cover for their birds, to protect the feathers and keep them looking their best.

Diet and Nutrition

Like most chicken breeds, Onagadori chickens thrive on a balanced diet of quality poultry feed, supplemented with fresh fruits, vegetables, and occasional treats. However, they may require additional protein and vitamins to support the growth and maintenance of their extraordinary tail feathers. Consult with a veterinarian or an experienced Onagadori keeper for specific dietary needs for this breed.

Onagadori Chickens and Egg Laying

Onagadori chickens are not prolific egg layers, typically only producing around 80 to 100 eggs per year. Their eggs are small to medium in size and cream or tinted in color. Despite their lower egg production, many backyard chicken enthusiasts still enjoy raising Onagadori chickens for their captivating beauty and friendly demeanor.

Rearing Onagadori Chicks

Selecting a Breeder

It’s important to find a reputable breeder when purchasing Onagadori chicks, as responsible breeders are committed to preserving this unique breed and ensuring the health of their birds. Always choose a breeder with a solid reputation, and don’t hesitate to ask questions about the parent birds and their care.

Brooding Onagadori Chicks

Raising Onagadori chicks is similar to rearing other breeds, with a few special considerations due to their unique tail feathers. Ensure that your brooder has plenty of space and keep it extra clean to prevent damage to the developing tail feathers. It’s also a good idea to provide some sort of perch or elevated resting area, to encourage the chicks to roost and protect their tails from the start.

Fun Facts About Onagadori Chickens

  • Onagadori chickens were once presented as gifts to the Imperial Court of Japan, as a symbol of good fortune and beauty.
  • Onagadori means “honorable fowl” in Japanese, a fitting name for these beautiful and cherished birds.
  • The record for the longest tail feathers in an Onagadori chicken is an astounding 36 feet!
  • Some Onagadori keepers in Japan dedicate entire buildings to the care of these magnificent birds, with custom perch arrangements designed to prevent damage to their tail feathers.

Why Choose Onagadori Chickens for Your Backyard Flock?

Onagadori chickens are a fantastic choice for backyard chicken enthusiasts who appreciate beauty, history, and unique characteristics in their flock. While they may require a bit more care and attention than other breeds, the rewards of raising these stunning birds are well worth the effort. Their friendly and gentle nature, combined with their awe-inspiring appearance, make Onagadori chickens a truly special addition to any backyard.

Preparing for Your Onagadori Chickens

Before bringing your Onagadori chickens home, it’s essential to set up their environment to ensure their safety, comfort, and well-being. Keep in mind the unique requirements of this breed when selecting a coop, creating a run, and planning their diet.

Choosing the Right Coop

Pick a spacious, well-ventilated coop that can accommodate your Onagadori’s long tail feathers. Ensure the coop is predator-proof, well-insulated, and easy to clean. Incorporate high perches, which will keep their tails off the ground and in good condition.

Creating a Safe and Spacious Run

Provide a secure, roomy run for your Onagadori chickens to enjoy during daytime hours. This space should be predator-proof and include both shady and sunny areas for the birds’ comfort. Add enrichment elements like dust-bathing areas, roosting branches, and even swings or platforms to keep your Onagadori chickens entertained, safe, and happy.

Feeding Your Onagadori Chickens

Provide a balanced diet for your backyard companions. Choose a high-quality commercial poultry feed and supplement it with additional protein and fresh vegetables, fruits, and grains. It’s crucial to keep the water and food dishes clean and always accessible.

Health and Wellness Concerns for Onagadori Chickens

Common Ailments

Onagadori chickens are generally hardy birds, but they can be susceptible to common poultry illnesses such as coccidiosis, parasites, and respiratory infections. Regular health checks, maintaining a clean living environment, and providing a proper diet can help prevent illness and keep your Onagadori chickens in good health.


Consult your veterinarian about recommended vaccinations for your area. Adhering to a vaccination schedule can help protect your flock against diseases like Marek’s disease, Newcastle disease, and infectious bronchitis. Keep in mind that even vaccinated birds can still be carriers for certain diseases.

Quarantine New Birds

Whenever introducing new birds to your flock, ensure they spend a quarantine period away from the existing birds. This allows you to monitor their health and ensures they won’t spread any diseases or parasites to your established flock.

Keeping Onagadori Chickens with Other Breeds

Onagadori chickens generally get along well with other docile chicken breeds. However, it’s crucial to remember that their long tails are delicate and can be easily damaged. It may be best to keep them separate from more assertive or curious breeds that might pull on or damage their unique tail feathers.

By taking special care with your Onagadori chickens, you’ll be rewarded with a stunning addition to your backyard flock. These beautiful birds are known for their unique beauty and make a wonderful conversation piece for visitors. Enjoy the journey of caring for these impressive and friendly birds as they grace your backyard with their elegance and charm.

Frequently Asked Questions About Onagadori Chickens

Below are some common questions that those interested in raising Onagadori chickens might have. We’ve provided concise, helpful answers to help you better understand and appreciate this unique and beautiful breed.

How long do Onagadori chickens live?

Onagadori chickens typically have a lifespan of 5 to 8 years, similar to other backyard chicken breeds. Proper care, a balanced diet, and a safe environment greatly contribute to their overall health and longevity.

What is the origin of the Onagadori name?

The name “Onagadori” means “honorable fowl” in Japanese, which speaks to their cultural significance and the highly esteemed status they hold in Japan.

Are Onagadori chickens good layers?

Onagadori chickens are not prolific layers, usually producing around 80 to 100 eggs per year. However, they are highly sought after for their captivating appearance and friendly personalities.

What color are Onagadori eggs?

Onagadori chickens lay small to medium-sized eggs that are cream or tinted in color.

Do Onagadori chickens need any special care?

Onagadori chickens require a few special care considerations due to their unique, long tail feathers. They need spacious coops, elevated perches, a secure run, and regular tail maintenance to prevent any injuries or damage to their tail feathers.

Are Onagadori chickens good with children?

Onagadori chickens are generally friendly and docile, making them suitable to interact with children. However, always supervise young children around any chicken breed to ensure the safety of both the child and the bird.

Do Onagadori chickens tolerate cold weather?

Onagadori chickens can tolerate cold weather, provided that they have a well-insulated, draft-free, and properly ventilated coop. Make sure to regularly check their tail feathers for any signs of frostbite or freezing during the winter months.

How do I maintain my Onagadori’s tail feathers?

To maintain your Onagadori’s tail feathers, clean the feathers gently to remove any dirt or debris, check for injuries or parasites, and consider implementing a “tail sock” to protect the feathers from damage. Keep their coop clean and provide elevated resting areas to prevent their tail feathers from touching the ground.

Can I keep Onagadori chickens with other breeds?

Yes, Onagadori chickens can coexist with other docile chicken breeds. However, keeping them separate from more assertive or curious breeds is recommended, as their delicate tail feathers can be easily damaged.

What should I feed my Onagadori chickens?

Provide Onagadori chickens with a balanced diet comprising commercial poultry feed, as well as supplemental protein, fresh vegetables, fruits, and grains. Consult a veterinarian or a knowledgeable Onagadori keeper for specific dietary recommendations for this breed.

Where can I find Onagadori chicks and hatching eggs for sale?

Look for a reputable breeder with a good reputation when purchasing Onagadori chicks or hatching eggs. Online forums and social media platforms dedicated to poultry can be a great resource for finding breeders in your area.

Are Onagadori chickens noisy?

Compared to other chicken breeds, Onagadori chickens exhibit average noise levels. Roosters are expectedly louder than hens, but overall, Onagadori chickens aren’t considered to be a particularly noisy breed.

Do Onagadori chickens need any specific vaccinations?

Consult your veterinarian about recommended vaccinations for your area, such as Marek’s disease, Newcastle disease, and infectious bronchitis. Adhering to a vaccination schedule can help protect your Onagadori chickens against diseases and ensure their overall health.

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